In The Shallows Carr compares the societal impacts of the clock and map to the societal changes caused by modern technologies:
“The long succession of tools that, like the map and the clock, transformed nature and altered “man’s perception of reality.”…Once adopted, they can never be abandoned, at least not without plunging society into “great confusion and possibly utter chaos.”
Technologies do not just become part of society; they become reality. After routinely using a technology for years, people can not even phantom life without the technology. The clock allowed people to measure time and the map allowed people to find distant places. Before these inventions society had different (and less accurate) perceptions of time and distance. It is evident to me that the map and the clock are beneficial technologies and greatly improved the organization of society; however, I am curious to know what types of criticism the clock and map received when they first became popular. Was it difficult for people to adapt, or even change their lives, in response to these technologies? Carr includes the examples of the map and clock to show that the evolution of society in accordance to technologies is normal. Society is a constantly changing system so the changes that technologies propose should not be feared. As we develop a natural dependence on technology we should not worry about what would happen without them because society is unlikely to regress. Confusion and chaos will never occur as long as technologies continue to serve for the purpose in which they are intended.